Tag Archives: Hyper-V

“Demystifying” Windows server 2012 Hyper-V 3.0 network virtualization – part II (two hosts / same subnet)

Today I was presenting @ bleedingedge.si conference… My session was about Windows server 2012 / Hyper-V 3.0 network virtualization.

 

I have recorded this sequence of commands so you can see the configuration and how it works:

http://www.screencast.com/t/wsDAKpKumlSm – Hyper-V 3.0 – Network virtualization Part 1

http://www.screencast.com/t/q3G9SViY6gId – Hyper-V 3.0 – Network virtualization Part 2

http://www.screencast.com/t/bxOznDklp – Hyper-V 3.0 – Network virtualization Part 3

 

In my demo environment I have:

Two Windows server 2012 with Hyper-V 3.0 role installed

HV01 / Only one network card so it is used by VMs and host (management) with IP 172.31.200.11
HV02 / Only one network card so it is used by VMs and host (management) with IP 172.31.200.12

On each host there are TWO virtual machines:

On HV01 there are:

– Blue01 (10.10.10.11 with STATIC MAC*address AAAAAAAAAA01)
– Red01 (10.10.10.21 with STATIC MAC*ddress CCCCCCCCCC01)

On HV02 there are:

– Blue02 (10.10.10.12 with STATIC MAC*address AAAAAAAAAA02)
– Red02 (10.10.10.22 with STATIC MAC*address CCCCCCCCCC02)

*You should DEFINE STATIC MAC on Virtual Machine network configuration – you must not use dynamicaly assigned MAC address (System center Virtual machine manager 2012 SP1 will do that for you automaticaly)

By defalt all machines are able to ping themselfs… We want to isolate Blue network so only Blue01 and Blue02 can ping each other and Red network so only Red01 and Red02 can ping each other.

First thing we need to do is to enable ms_netvm component on PHYSICAL NIC! (not on virtual switch created NIC!)
Enable-NetAdapterBinding “Ethernet” -ComponentID ms_netwnv

Second thing is that we need to create Lookup records on both Hyper-V servers. You should copy/paste this script on both hosts:
New-NetVirtualizationLookupRecord -CustomerAddress “10.10.10.11” -ProviderAddress “172.31.200.11” -VirtualSubnetID “5001” -MACAddress “AAAAAAAAAA01” -Rule “TranslationMethodEncap”
New-NetVirtualizationLookupRecord -CustomerAddress “10.10.10.12” -ProviderAddress “172.31.200.12” -VirtualSubnetID “5001” -MACAddress “AAAAAAAAAA02” -Rule “TranslationMethodEncap”

Then you need to create Costumer Route – on both Hyper-V hosts:
New-NetVirtualizationCustomerRoute -RoutingDomainID “{11111111-2222-3333-4444-000000005001}” -VirtualSubnetID “5001” -DestinationPrefix “10.10.10.0/24” -NextHop “0.0.0.0” -Metric 255

Then you need to add provider address to PHYSICAL NIC – you need to find out interface index by using get-netadapter!

In my example on HV01:
New-NetVirtualizationProviderAddress -InterfaceIndex 12 -ProviderAddress “172.31.200.11” -PrefixLength 24
New-NetVirtualizationProviderRoute -InterfaceIndex 12 -DestinationPrefix “0.0.0.0/0” -NextHop “172.31.200.1”

and on HV02:
New-NetVirtualizationProviderAddress -InterfaceIndex 12 -ProviderAddress “172.31.200.12” -PrefixLength 24
New-NetVirtualizationProviderRoute -InterfaceIndex 12 -DestinationPrefix “0.0.0.0/0” -NextHop “172.31.200.1”

When this is done we need to configure VirtualSubnetID on virtual machines:
On HV01 (where Blue01 vm is running) we should do:
Get-VMNetworkAdapter -VMName Blue01 | where {$_.MacAddress -eq “AAAAAAAAAA01”} | Set-VMNetworkAdapter -VirtualSubnetID 5001

and on HV02 (where Blue02 vm is running) we should do:
Get-VMNetworkAdapter -VMName Blue02 | where {$_.MacAddress -eq “AAAAAAAAAA02”} | Set-VMNetworkAdapter -VirtualSubnetID 5001

Now network virtualization will take place and Blue01 will only be able to ping Blue02 and vice-versa. Red01 and Red02 are outside this VitualSubnet. In video you can see network monitoring where you can detect GRE network between hosts.
In video I also do live migration so I move Blue02 machine from HV02 to HV01 so you can see that network virtualization is aware of live migration and moving machines between HV hosts in the same network or also cross premise… I will cover that in next part! 🙂

Let’s virtualise!

Manage Hyper-V Virtual machines using WMI and VBS scripts

Today I was working on how to manage Hyper-V virtual machines using WMI.
This VBS scripts can be modified to suit your needs…
Each script takes one argument “machine name”:

listvm.vbs – display all virtual machines on Hyper-V – this script will create a TXT file (you should edit path and filename inside the script) with all virtual machines that are on Hyper-V host. It will print names of the machines and current state (Running, Off, Saved)

sortvm.vbs – this script alphabeticaly sorts list of virtual machines (you should edit path and filename inside the script)

startvm.vbs – usage: startvm.vbs “Name of your virtual machine” – this script will start the virtual machine

stopvm.vbs – usage: stopvm.vbs “Name of your virtual machine” – this script will turn of (dirty!) your virtual machine

shutdownvm.vbs – usage: shutdownvm.vbs “Name of your virtual machine” – this script will shut down your virtual machine if it is Integration Services aware – it will signal/notify guest operating system to initialize shutdown procedure. It works only on machines that support Hyper-V Integration services.

hardresetvm.vbs – usage: hardresertvm.vbs “Name of your virtual machine” – this script will reset (dirty!) your virtual machine

savestatevm.vbs – usage: savestatevm.vbs “Name of your virtual machine” – this script will save and turn off your virtual machine

I have compiled this scripts using resources regarding Hyper-V and WMI
http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc136992(VS.85).aspx
http://blogs.msdn.com/virtual_pc_guy/

Enjoy, WMI power!

SBS 2008 (AD server) virtualized on Hyper-V – what about time synchronization?

Hi!

This blog post is about time synchronization with Hyper-V Integration services when you virtualize SBS 2008 server. You should never leave Hyper-V host to “force” time on servers that you virtualize and that are Active Directory servers (at least not PDC that is the root time server for a domain).

By default Hyper-V enables all Integration services components on your virtual machine but it’s better to configure your virtual machine in my case SBS 2008 server that is Active Directory server too with external NTP time source. Becouse if something goes wrong or you have wrong time on your Hyper-V host you can get in troubles when Hyper-V host will push this “bad time” into your virtual machine.

You should also know that by default on boot virtual machine get’s time from your Hyper-V host becouse of that I have writen two articles. First is about configuring your Hyper-V host that is not joined into a domain (so it does not get the right time from AD server) so it can receive the right time from NTP time source.
And the second one about setting correct values on SBS 2008 server and disabling Hyper-V integration services feature Time Synchronization.

Hope it helps…

Time sync in SBS 2008 virtualized on Hyper – part 1.docx
Time sync in SBS 2008 virtualized on Hyper – part 1.pdf

Time sync in SBS 2008 virtualized on Hyper – part 2.docx
Time sync in SBS 2008 virtualized on Hyper – part 2.pdf

Luka

Hyper-V in Hyper-V?!? :)

For testing and presentation puropuses I have installed inside my full Windows server 2008 64 BIT installation with Hyper-V another standalone Microsoft Hyper-V Server 2008 – everything works – you can even manage it using Hyper-V manager from other server but you can not (obviously! :)) run virtual machines. You get an error saying unable to create partition. You should be a wirdo to even think about souch stuff but I had a chance and I just could not resist pressing the START button. 🙂 So you know now… Hyper-V inside Hyper-V does not work! 🙂

Microsoft Hyper-V server 2008 is here!!!

I welcome you to join virtualisation experience with this fantastic product… At the moment of writing I am testing Microsoft Hyper-V server 2008 and it works great… In next days I will post some screenshots on how to install, configure and manage Microsoft Hyper-V server 2008…

http://www.microsoft.com/servers/hyper-v-server/default.mspx

Hyper-V FreeBSD shutdown problem workaround

Thanks to Mike … 

Mike wrote: 

“I’ve found an even easier way to do this.  I found a PowerShell Hyper-V script at:

http://www.codeplex.com/PSHyperv

It has a lot of functions already, and I added a “Kill-VM” function that automates the kill process:

Kill-VM <VM name>

My modified script is attached to this message.

To use it, you need to install PowerShell (Under Server Manager -> Features in Win2008).  Once installed, run PowerShell from Start -> Search, find the script, and type:

. .hyperv.ps1

Once loaded into memory, type:

Kill-VM <VM Name>

Enjoy”

Click here to download script – hyperv-script.zip